Wealth Creation

Introduction

Since establishment of Envirocare in 1993, it has been advocating for human rights and gender issues. Envirocare has registered a milestone achievement in the areas of human rights, good governance and gender. Such achievements were brought about by stakeholders including the government, members of the society. The Organisation noted that members of society are not fully aware of their rights to the extent that when such rights are violated they are not aware. Therefore Envirocare saw a need to educate the society on Human Rights and how to fight for theirs. However the Organisation has implemented a number of Human rights projects including Advancing Women’s Access to Land and Property Rights in Tanzania, Advancing Access To Justice To Women And Disadvantaged Group Kilindi District, Tanzania Paralegal Remand Prisons and Retention Home Project. One of the current projects is “Tanzania Paralegal Remand Prisons and Retention Home Project.” The project is based on the core problem of congestion in remand prison. It is in this regard that Envirocare had seen a need to intervene the situation by contributing to decongest the overcrowded remand prisons and retention homes through two major approaches; Awareness creation among criminal justice system and Camp court to speed criminal sentencing for timely justice delivery. Envirocare in its intervention identified and trained 80 paralegals in 20 remand prisons( Segerea, Keko, Wazo, Ukonga, Maweni, Handeni, Korogwe, Pangani, Lushoto, Karanga, Same, Mwanga, Morogoro, Kihonda, Wami Kuu, Mbigiri, Idete, Kiberege, Kilosa and Kisongo) of the project on techniques of legal aid provision. Out of the 80 paralegals there 40 prison wardens who provide legal aid to Remandees. Paralegals in the respective remand prisons continue to provide legal aid services to remandees at present. Envirocare collaborates with prison department and prison staffs enabling them recognize that facilitating access to justice is part of their roles. Despite such services being conducted to contribute in decongesting remand prisons, decongestion processes has still been at a slower pace. Learning from neighboring countries such as Malawi, camp court has been seen to be a successful intervention towards decongestion in remand prisons.

Camp Court

Camp courts are special ad hoc courts created and instituted for a specific mission, in a specific area and for a specified period .Camp court in this regard is not a trial court, since the public cannot attend and witnesses are not present. In Tanzania camp court is not part of the law. However it has been in use for quite some time and it has proved to be a useful tool in decongesting prisons.The chief benefit of this mechanism is that prisoners and remandees see the law in action. Magistrates observe situation inside the prisons and are able to do something practical to alleviate the situation. As a consequence, tensions in remand prisons are reduced and the lower courts become more thoughtful about the efficacy of alternatives for remandees in appropriate cases. But the Organisation has not been able to conduct camp courts because the Chief Justice has to give permission for its existence which the Organisation is waiting upon.

Legal Aid

Envirocare provides legal aid in remand prison and retention homes. The organisation has introduced paralegals inside remand prisons and respective communities of the project area. This help to speed up disposal of cases before reaching courts of law and provide quick access to justice. However Envirocare staff lawyers and advocates join in the legal aid provision in order to build capacity of the prison and community paralegals.