4. Restoration of Mangrove Ecosystem in Mkinga District through Community Participatory Approaches

Duration: 01-Jan-2010 to 31-Dec-2010   Place: Tanga Region


Envirocare in collaboration with Foundation for Environmental Awareness (FEA) and TACOECONT implemented a one year project on Restoration of Mangrove Ecosystem in Mkinga District through participatory community Approaches. The overall objective of the action was to build the local capacity to mitigate the impact of coastal and marine resource depletion through promoting sustainable management of mangroves and alternative livelihoods improvement in 5 villages in Mkinga district by 2010.

Success story

Lesson learnt

  1. Different organizations working together: Three different organizations working together towards restoration of mangrove forest resources is possible. This has been possible by stipulating clearly the roles and responsibilities of each organization. 2. Community participation: Community participation is necessary for sustainable mangrove forest management. The way project was designed it ensured that community are involved in developing the proposal up to its implementation. 3. Engaging the local government officials is essential: Engaging the local government officials right from the beginning of the project implementation was very important. They gave us maximum support in mobilizing the community to take part in project implementation. They also took part in facilitating several workshops. 4. Working with the coastal community is possible: There is a wide notion among people that working with coastal community is a challenge. This was proved wrong following the implementation


  1. Management plans for mangrove ecosystems in Mkinga developed and implemented in five villages: The intended key result was to develop and implement the 5 mangrove management plans and accompanying bylaws in the 5 villages.
  2. The capacity of local communities and other stakeholders to effectively participate in mangrove forest conservation through participatory planning, implementation and monitoring of mangrove forest enhanced: In all five villages, the training were provided to build the capacity of the Village Natural Resources Committee in Community-Based Mangrove Forest Management.
  3. Community awareness on conservation and sustainable use of mangrove forests significantly improved: The community awareness on conservation and sustainable use of mangrove forest was significantly improved
  4. Alternative income generating activities identified and initiated: The implementation of the project has enabled the beneficiaries to establish income generation activities such as seaweed farm


  1. Poor survival of the orchard Most of the mango and orange tree seedlings which were supplied to the beneficiaries died.
  2. Poor survival of some of the mangrove seedlings the mangrove seedlings (Avicennia Marina) which grew naturally, uprooted and transplanted performed poorly than those which were established in the nursery.
  3. Delay in the approval of the management plans by the Full Council the management plans have been approved by the Village Assemblies and the Ward Development Councils.

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