7. Towards Cleaner Production for Textile industries in Tanzania

Duration: 01-Jul-2009 to 31-Dec-2012  |  Place: Tanzania


This is a four years project which aimed at Promoting cleaner environment and safe human health from textile industrial pollution in Tanzania. The project targeted eight textile industries in Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Musoma, Tanga, Morogoro, Arusha and Mbeya regions. The project has established the status of Physio-chemical characteristics and heavy metal found in chemicals used in textile industries, awareness raising, capacity building for textile workers and carrying Environmental Auditing.

Success Story

Lesson learnt

With what Envirocare has done so far in Textile industries together with the collaboration with Ministry of Industries and Cleaner Production Centre in Tanzania, the rate of pollution will increase to a large extent if cleaner production will not practice in textile industries. This is due to the fact that, the results of the analyzed samples showed high pollution from textile industries which mainly affect the workers and the marine organisms. • Also there is a need to enforce environmental management systems in the future in textile industries to ensure safe and healthy environment. During the implementation of the project, we found that the environmental management systems are already established in most textile industries but there is poor enforcement or there is no enforcement. The environmental management systems will ensure that, the industries produces the products which are health to environment and safe to human health.  In the future, there is a need to establish strong


Status of industrial heavy metals, pH, color, dissolved oxygen concentration, total dissolved solids concentration, chlorides concentration, total solid concentration, chemical oxygen demand, and biochemical oxygen demand established in textiles industries in Tanzania • Status of heavy metals and chemicals in textile industries established and shared among different stakeholders • Increased awareness on conflict resolution at workplace, gender and HIV/AIDS issues • Increased awareness of the hand textile manufacturers on improvement of batik production, natural chemicals, chemical handling and waste disposal


The industries are facing shortage of human resource to form formidable teams that would spearhead the implementation of CP in their respective industries. This is due to shortage of funds to employ enough staffs. Despite the expressed interest by the managements in trying to achieve CP goals, the surveyed industries do not have concrete projects in place for implementing CP in their respective industries, except Sun flag which look well placed towards achieving it. Economics may be one of the biggest hurdle in achieving CP since majority of suggested solutions to pollution are technological. A way to go around this could be to strengthen housekeeping practices which are low cost.

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The main beneficiaries of the project are textile industries, hand textile makers and textile workers

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